Volume 4, Issue 2 (May 2017)                   Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology 2017, 4(2): 57-64 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghanadi S, Fakhri M K, Doosti Y. Structural Model of Academic Procrastination Based on Personality Traits by Educational Motivation in Secondary High School Students. Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology. 2017; 4 (2) :57-64
URL: http://ajnpp.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-102-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran. , fakhry1386@gmail.com
Abstract:   (979 Views)
Background: Procrastination is a prevalent behavior affecting all life aspects, especially educational fields. Educational procrastination is defined as unnecessary delay for doing assignments. Personality traits are very important in explaining procrastination. This study aimed to investigate the structural model of academic procrastination based on personality traits by student’s educational motivation.
Materials and Methods: In the current cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, the participants consisted of 400 students (171 boys and 231 girls) of secondary high school in Bojnord City, Iran in 2017-2018 academic year. The students were selected by the multistep random clustering sampling method from 3 girls’ high schools and 3 boys’ high schools (3 classes from each high school) from the north, south, east and west districts of the city. The relevant data were gathered by Academic Procrastination Scale, personality traits, and educational motivation questionnaires. Data analysis was done by structural equation modeling in LISREL V. 8.80. 
Results: According to model fitting, direct effect of neuroticism conscientiousness and educational motivation upon academic procrastination was significant (P˂0.05). Also, the standard effects of neuroticism and conscientiousness upon educational procrastination (by educational motivation) were significant (P˂0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, anxiety management training for neurotic persons, as well as improving agreeableness rate will result in an increase in educational motivation and, in turn, a decrease in academic procrastination.
Full-Text [PDF 808 kb]   (510 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (514 Views)  
Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/08/18 | Accepted: 2017/01/20 | Published: 2017/05/1

1. Rozental A, Carlbring P. Understanding and treating procrastination: A review of a common self-regulatory failure. Psychology. 2014; 5(13):1488-502. [DOI:10.4236/psych.2014.513160] [DOI:10.4236/psych.2014.513160]
2. Eckert M, Ebert DD, Lehr D, Sieland B, Berking M. Overcome procrastination: Enhancing emotion regulation skills reduce procrastination. Learning and Individual Differences. 2016; 52:10-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.lindif.2016.10.001] [DOI:10.1016/j.lindif.2016.10.001]
3. Klingsieck KB. Procrastination: When good things don't come to those who wait. European Psychologist. 2013; 18(1):24-34. [DOI:10.1027/1016-9040/a000138] [DOI:10.1027/1016-9040/a000138]
4. Yong FL. A study on the assertiveness and academic procrastination of English and communication students at a private university. American Journal of Scientific Research. 2010; 9:62-71.
5. Karatas H. Correlation among academic procrastination, personality traits, and academic achievement. Anthropologist. 2015; 20(1):243-55.
6. Dwan T, Ownsworth T, Donovan C, Lo AHY. Reliability of the NEO five factor inventory short form for assessing personality after stroke. International Psychogeriatrics. 2017; 29(7):1157-68. [DOI:10.1017/S1041610217000382] [PMID] [DOI:10.1017/S1041610217000382]
7. McCrae RR, Costa Jr PT. Brief versions of the NEO-PI-3. Journal of Individual Differences. 2007; 28(3):116-28. [DOI:10.1027/1614-0001.28.3.116] [DOI:10.1027/1614-0001.28.3.116]
8. Onwuegbuzie AJ. Academic procrastination and statistics anxiety. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education. 2004; 29(1):3-19. [DOI:10.1080/0260293042000160384] [DOI:10.1080/0260293042000160384]
9. Hashemi T, Mostafavi F, Mashinchi Abbasi N, Badri R. [Role of goal orientation, self-efficacy of self-regulation and personality in procrastination (Persian)]. Contemporary Psychology. 2012; 7(1):73-84.
10. Stajkovic AD, Bandura A, Locke EA, Lee D, Sergent K. Test of three conceptual models of influence of the big five personality traits and self-efficacy on academic performance: A meta-analytic path-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences. 2018; 120:238-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.08.014] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.08.014]
11. Schouwenburg HC, Groenewoud J. Study motivation under social temptation; effects of trait procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences. 2001; 30(2):229-40. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00034-9] [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00034-9]
12. Grund A, Fries S. Understanding procrastination: A motivational approach. Personality and Individual Differences. 2018; 121:120-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.09.035] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.09.035]
13. Howell AJ, Watson DC. Procrastination: Associations with achievement goal orientation and learning strategies. Personality and Individual Differences. 2007; 43(1):167-78. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2006.11.017] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2006.11.017]
14. Kitsantas A, Steen S, Huie F. The role of self-regulated strategies and goal orientation in predicting achievement of elementary school children. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education. 2017; 2(1):65-81.
15. Cao L. Differences in procrastination and motivation between undergraduate and graduate students. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. 2012; 12(2):39-64.
16. Koushki S, Liaght R, Kamali A. Relationship between attributional styles, self-regulation and educational procrastination in student. International Journal of Psychological Research. 2014; 3(3):184-91.
17. Afshari M, Yazdi Ravandi S, Zamani A, Fadaei F, Rezaei T, Taslimi Z. [Evaluation of workshops Student Research Center of Hamadan University of Medical Science from the perspective of participating students in 2015 (Persian)]. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2016; 14(3):1-10. [DOI:10.21859/psj-140301] [DOI:10.21859/psj-140301]
18. Rakes GC, Dunn KE, Rakes TA. Attribution as a predictor of procrastination in online graduate students. Journal of Interactive Online Learning. 2013; 12(3):103-21.
19. Klassen RM, Krawchuk LL, Rajani S. Academic procrastination of undergraduates: Low self-efficacy to self-regulate predicts higher levels of procrastination. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 2008; 33(4):915-31. [DOI:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2007.07.001] [DOI:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2007.07.001]
20. Solomon LJ, Rothblum ED. Academic procrastination: Frequency and cognitive-behavioral correlates. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 1984; 31(4):503-9. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0167.31.4.503] [DOI:10.1037/0022-0167.31.4.503]
21. Jokar B, Delavarpour M. [The relationship between Academic procrastination and goal achievement (Persian). Journal of New thoughts on Education. 2007; 3(3):61-80. [DOI:10.22051/JONTOE.2007.312]
22. Costa Jr PT, McCrae RR. Domains and facets: Hierarchical personality assessment using the revised NEO personality inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1995; 64(1):21-50. [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa6401_2] [PMID] [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa6401_2]
23. Garousi Farshi MT, Mehryar AH, Ghazi Tabatabaei M. [Application of the NEOP I-R test analytic evaluation of it's characteristisc and factorial structure among university students (Persian)]. Journal of Humanities. 2001; 11(39):173-98.
24. Harter S. A new self-report scale of intrinsic versus extrinsic orientation in the classroom: Motivational and informational components. Developmental Psychology. 1981; 17(3):300-12. [DOI:10.1037/0012-1649.17.3.300] [DOI:10.1037/0012-1649.17.3.300]
25. Bohrani M. The study of validity and reliability of Harter's scale of educational motivation. Psychological Studies. 2009; 5(1):51-72.
26. Lazarus RS. Stress, appraisal, and coping. Berlin: Springer; 1984.
27. Folkman S. Stress: Appraisal and coping. In: Gellman M, Turner JR, editors. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. Berlin: Springer; 2012. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_215] [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_215]
28. Allik J, Church AT, Ortiz FA, Rossier J, Hřebíčková M, de Fruyt F, et al. Mean profiles of the NEO personality inventory.Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2017; 48(3):402-20. [DOI:10.1177/0022022117692100] [DOI:10.1177/0022022117692100]
29. Costa PT, McCrae RR. The revised neo personality inventory (neo-pi-r). The SAGE handbook of personality theory and assessment. 2008; 2(2):179-98.
30. Balkis M, Duru E. Procrastination, self-regulation failure, academic life satisfaction, and affective well-being: Underregulation or misregulation form. European Journal of Psychology of Education. 2016; 31(3):439-59. [DOI:10.1007/s10212-015-0266-5] [DOI:10.1007/s10212-015-0266-5]
31. Katz I, Eilot K, Nevo N. "I'll do it later": Type of motivation, self-efficacy and homework procrastination. Motivation and Emotion. 2014; 38(1):111-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11031-013-9366-1] [DOI:10.1007/s11031-013-9366-1]
32. Yazdi-Ravandi S, Taslimi Z, Ahmadpanah M, Ghaleiha A. Adjustment to diabetes among diabetic patients: The roles of social support and self-efficacy. Avicenna Journal of Neuropsychophysiology. 2016; 3(1):1-5. [DOI:10.17795/ajnpp-37470] [DOI:10.17795/ajnpp-37470]
33. Rezaei T, YazdiRavandi S, Ghaleiha A, Seif Rabiei MA. [Depression among medical students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in 2014: The role of demographic variables (Persian)]. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2015; 13(4):1-8.
34. Hossein Chari M, Dehghani Y. [Predict the degree of academic procrastination based on self-regulation strategies in learning (Persian)]. Quarterly Journal of Research in Educational Systems. 2008; 2(4):63-73.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Avicenna Journal of Neuro Psycho Physiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb