Volume 8, Issue 4 (November 2021)                   Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology 2021, 8(4): 172-177 | Back to browse issues page

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Agah M S, Ebrahimi M E, Sahebi A, Zarabian M. Effectiveness of Choice Theory Training on Suicidal Tendency. Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology. 2021; 8 (4) :172-177
URL: http://ajnpp.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-338-en.html
1- Psychologist, MS, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Hamadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran
2- Psychologist, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Hamadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran , Mse_2007@yahoo.com
3- Psychologist, Ph.D., William Glasser Institute, Sydney, Australia
4- Psychologist, Ph.D., Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (281 Views)
Background and Objective: Suicide is not an uninvited guest entering unannounced rather it always occurs following a previous background. Suicide is interpreted as an action in order to accredit life or give up everything. Suicide happens because of determinism or full anxiety and depression. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Choice Theory training on the suicidal tendency of first high school male students in Sonqor County, Kermanshah Province, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted using a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all boys of the first high school in Sonqor County, Kermanshah Province, Iran, in the academic year of 2017-18. According to available statistics, about 500 students were studying at six male high schools from which one high school was selected randomly. After implementing the Multiple Attitude Questionnaire of suicidal tendency in adolescents, 30 students were divided into two groups (15 cases per group) randomly. The obtained data were then analyzed through single-variable and multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: The results of this study showed that the implementation of the Choice Theory Education to first high school male students influenced their suicidal tendency (P<0.01), and suicidal tendency decreased in the students of the experimental group. Furthermore, the results from the comparison of the attraction to death at posttest in two groups by controlling the pretest effect indicated no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the attraction to death scores (F=0.175; P<0.01).
Conclusions: Considering the findings, this intervention is a suitable method to modify the behavior and improve adaptation in male students.
Keywords: Choice theory, Suicide
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Suicide and Self-Harm
Received: 2020/09/13 | Accepted: 2020/11/8 | Published: 2021/10/13

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