Volume 8, Issue 4 (November 2021)                   Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology 2021, 8(4): 167-171 | Back to browse issues page

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Forghani M, Rajaei A, Bayazi M H. Effect of Transactional Analysis Approach Group Training on Psychological Capitals and the Temptation of Methadone-Treated Addicts. Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology. 2021; 8 (4) :167-171
URL: http://ajnpp.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-332-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Torbat-e Jam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e Jam, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Torbat-e Jam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e Jam, Iran , rajaei.46@iautj.ac.ir
Abstract:   (539 Views)
Background and Objective: Drug addiction is one of the health and social challenges of the present age, and psychological capital is among the protective factors in its prevention. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Transactional Analysis (TA) approach group training on psychological capitals and the temptation of methadone-treated addicts.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted based on a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all methadone-treated addicts in addiction treatment clinics in Mashhad, Iran. Out of this population, 30 cases were randomly selected and divided into two groups of experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) using the random replacement method. The data were then collected through Luthans's Psychological Capitals and Wright's Craving Beliefs Questionnaires. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 21) through univariate and multivariate covariance. 
Results: The findings showed that the TA approach had a positive and significant effect on psychological capitals and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) (P<0.001). It also had a significant effect on reducing the temptation of the recurrence of methadone-treated addicts (P<0.001).
Conclusions: It can be concluded that the TA approach group training can help decrease methadone-treated addicts’ psychological problems, and it can be used in counseling and addiction treatment centers
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Substance abuse, dependence, addiction
Received: 2020/09/3 | Accepted: 2020/10/24 | Published: 2021/11/25

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