Volume 4, Issue 2 (May 2017)                   Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology 2017, 4(2): 49-56 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Forouzesh Yekta F, Yaghubi H, Mootabi F, Roshan R, Gholami Fesharaki M, Omidi A. Psychometric Characteristics and Factor Analysis of the Persian Version of Couples Satisfaction Index. Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology. 2017; 4 (2) :49-56
URL: http://ajnpp.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-101-en.html
1- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. , yaghubi@shahed.ac.ir
3- Family Research Institute, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3208 Views)
Bachground: The concept of couples’ satisfaction is one’s subjective evaluation of marital relationship and the level of perceived happiness from this relationship. Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) is a self-report measure to assess marital satisfaction. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the Persian version of CSI in a non-clinical sample.
Materials and Methods: Factor analysis, translation, structural, convergent validity, and reliability of this index were investigated in 150 married students of Tehran and Shahed Universities recruited by convenience sample method.
Results: According to the results of the exploratory factor analysis, four factors of “marital happiness”, “warmth of the relationship”, “being together”, and “right choice” were identified in the Persian version of CSI. The specifications of exploratory factor analysis were good. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed that four factors of the CSI are more valid and reliable. The reliability of the index was 0.96 determined by Cronbach α. The convergence between this index and Locke–Wallace Marital Adjustment Test (MAT) was calculated to be 0.9.
Conclusion: results indicate that Persian version of CSI has appropriate psychometric characteristics. Therefore, this measure can be confidently used in this field of research.
Full-Text [PDF 860 kb]   (1204 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (1524 Views)  
Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/11/26 | Accepted: 2017/01/28 | Published: 2017/05/1

1. Gurman AS, Lebow JL, Snyder DK. Clinical Handbook of couple Therapy. New York: Guilford Press; 2015.
2. Diener E, Eunkook MS, Lucas RE, Smith HL. Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin. 1999; 125(2):276-303. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276] [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276]
3. Wade TJ, pevalin DJ. Marital transitions and mental health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 2004; 45(2):155-70. [DOI:10.1177/002214650404500203] [PMID] [DOI:10.1177/002214650404500203]
4. Dupre ME, Beck AN, Meadows SO. Marital trajectories and mortality among US adults. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2009; 170(5):546-55. [DOI:10.1093/aje/kwp194] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1093/aje/kwp194]
5. Waite L, Gallagher M. The case for marriage: Why married people are happier, Healthier and better off financially. New York: Random House; 2002.
6. Gharibi M, Sanagouymoharer G, Yaghoubinia F. The relationship between quality of life with marital satisfaction in nurses in social security hospital in Zahedan. Global Journal of Health Science. 2016; 8(2):178-84. [PMID] [PMCID]
7. South SC, Krueger RF. Marital satisfaction and physical health: Evidence for an orchid effect. Psychological Science. 2013; 24(3):373-8. [DOI:10.1177/0956797612453116] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1177/0956797612453116]
8. Whisman MA, Uebelacker LA, Weinstock LM. Psychopathology and marital satisfaction: The importance of evaluating both partners. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2004; 72(5):830-8. [DOI:10.1037/0022-006X.72.5.830] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0022-006X.72.5.830]
9. Wang Q, Wang D, Li C, Miller RB. Marital satisfaction and depressive symptoms among Chinese older couples. Aging & Mental Health. 2014; 18(1):11-8. [DOI:10.1080/13607863.2013.805730] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/13607863.2013.805730]
10. Amato PR. The consequences of divorce for adults and children. Journal of Marriage and Family. 2000; 62(4):1269-87. [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.01269.x] [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.01269.x]
11. Qadir F, Khalid A, Haqqani S, Zill-e-Huma, Medhin G. The association of marital relationship and perceived social support with mental health of women in Pakistan. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13:1150. [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1150] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Fincham FD, Rogge R. Understanding relationship quality: Theoretical challenges and new tools for assessment. Journal of Familiy Theory & Review. 2010; 2(4):227-42. [DOI:10.1111/j.1756-2589.2010.00059.x] [DOI:10.1111/j.1756-2589.2010.00059.x]
13. Bradbery NT, Fincham DF, Beach RS. Research on the nature and determinants of marital satisfaction: A decade in review. Journal of Marriage and Family. 2000; 3(62):964-80. [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00964.x] [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00964.x]
14. Funk JL, Rogge RD. Testing the ruler with item response theory: Increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the couples satisfaction index. Journal of Family Psychology. 2007; 21(4):572-83. [DOI:10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.572] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.572]
15. Munro BH. Statistical methods for health care research. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005.
16. Funk JL, Rogge R. The Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI). Michigan: Fetzer Institute; 2007.
17. Locke HJ, Wallace KM. Short marital adjustment and prediction tests: Their reliability and validity. Marriage and Family Living. 1959; 21(3):251-55. [DOI:10.2307/348022] [DOI:10.2307/348022]
18. Ramezani N. [Comparison of resiliency in couples (Persian)] [MSc. thesis]. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University; 2009.
19. Sadeghi M. [Comparison of stiffness in couples Resilient Master's thesis Faculty of Education and Psychology Marital interactive pattern in Iranian culture and the effect of teaching culture-based communication skills on increasing the Adjustment of distressed couples (Persian)] [PhD thesis]. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University; 2010.
20. Graham JM, Diebels KJ, Barnow ZB. The reliability of relationship satisfaction: A reliability generalization meta-analysis. Journal of Family Psychology. 2011; 25(1):39-48. [DOI:10.1037/a0022441] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/a0022441]
21. Lee S, Rogge RD, Reis HT. Assessing the seeds of relationship decay: Using implicit evaluations to detect the early stages of disillusionment. Psychological Science. 2010; 21(6):857–64. [DOI:10.1177/0956797610371342] [PMID] [DOI:10.1177/0956797610371342]
22. Fowers BJ, Laurenceau JP, Penfield RD, Cohen LM, Lang SF, Owenz MB et al. Enhancing relationship quality measurement: The development of the Relationship Flourishing Scale. Journal of Family Psychology. 2016; 30(8):997-1007. [DOI: 10.1037/fam0000263] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/fam0000263]
23. Roach AJ, Frazier LP, Bowden SR. The marital satisfaction scale: Development of a measure for intervention research. Journal of Marriage and Family. 1981; 43(3):537-46. [DOI:10.2307/351755] [DOI:10.2307/351755]
24. Sabatelli RM. Measurement Issues in Marital Research: A Review and Critique of Contemporary Survey Instruments. Journal of Marriage and Family. 1988; 50(4):891-915. [DOI:10.2307/352102] [DOI:10.2307/352102]
25. Zaheri F, Dolatian M, Shariati M, Simbar M, Ebadi A, Azghadi SBH. Effective factors in marital satisfaction in perspective of Iranian women and men: A systematic review. Electronic Physician. 2016; 8(12):3369-77. [DOI:10.19082/3369] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.19082/3369]
26. Uchida Y, Norasakkunkit V, Kitayama S. Cultural constructions of happiness: Theory and emprical evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies. 2004; 5(3):223-39. [DOI:10.1007/s10902-004-8785-9] [DOI:10.1007/s10902-004-8785-9]
27. Gambrel LE, Piercy FP. Mindfulness-based relationship education for couples expecting their first child-part 1: Arandomized mixed-methods program evaluation. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 2015; 41(1):5-24. [DOI:10.1111/jmft.12066] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/jmft.12066]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY 4.0 | Avicenna Journal of Neuro Psycho Physiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb