Volume 9, Issue 2 (May 2022)                   Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology 2022, 9(2): 75-80 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Keshavarzi A, Salimi F, Mazdeh M, Pirdehghan A, Ahmadpanah M. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in multiple sclerosis patients: A cross-sectional study. Avicenna J Neuro Psycho Physiology. 2022; 9 (2) :75-80
URL: http://ajnpp.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-393-en.html
1- Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- General Practitioner, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Department of Neurology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Department of Social Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5- Professor of Clinical Psychology and Cognitive Sciences, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , m1ahmad2000@gmail.com
Abstract:   (108 Views)
Introduction and Objective: The incidence risk of psychiatric disorders is higher in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) than in the general population. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the frequency of psychiatric disorders in patients with MS referring to Sina Hospital in Hamadan, western Iran, from 2016 to 2019.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 95 patients with MS referring to Sina Hospital in Hamadan, 2016-2019. Demographic information, illness duration, and psychiatric disorders were collected using the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire in 2016-2017. Data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 16) using the Chi-square test and Spearman correlation coefficient.
Results: The most common psychiatric disorders in these patients were found to be depression in 36 (39.1%) cases, phobic anxiety in 33 (34.7%) subjects, and somatization in 33 (34.7%) patients. The least prevalence rates of the disorders were reported for psychoticism in 17 (17.9%) cases and paranoid ideations in 18 (18.9%) cases. In all psychiatric disorders, except obsessive-compulsive disorder, the frequency of psychiatric disorders was higher in women than in men (27.1% vs. 13.8%), and the only significant difference between the two groups was observed in the anxiety dimension (P=0.002). There was a significant positive correlation between the mean scores of the global severity index and the Expanded Disability Status Scale (r=0.41, P =0.001).
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that in patients with MS, depression, somatization, and phobic anxiety were the most common psychiatric disorders that were associated with increased severity of the disability.

  |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (8 Views)  
Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Clinical Psychology
Received: 2021/06/22 | Accepted: 2021/11/7 | Published: 2022/05/9

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY 4.0 | Avicenna Journal of Neuro Psycho Physiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb