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1- M.SC. in Rehabilitation Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate professor, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran , a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (172 Views)
Background and Objectives: This study aimed to explore the role of spiritual intelligence and positive thinking in the psychological hardiness of women who have recovered from addiction.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted based on a descriptive-correlational design. The research population included women who had quit addiction in addiction treatment centers in Districts 8 and 13 of Tehran in 2021. The participants were 150 women who were selected using simple random sampling. The data were collected using the Self-Report Measure of Spiritual Intelligence, Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, and Psychological Hardiness Scale. The collected data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation test and synchronous multiple regression analysis by SPSS Software (V. 21).
Results: The results showed that spiritual intelligence and positive thinking are significant predictors of psychological hardiness of women recovered from addiction (F=59.09; P<0.001). It was also revealed that psychological hardiness is positively correlated with the dimensions of spiritual intelligence and components of positive thinking (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Following the findings of the present study, it can be suggested that spiritual intelligence and positive thinking can play a constructive and critical role in the recovery process of women with substance abuse. Moreover, spiritual intelligence and positive thinking can predict psychological hardiness in women quitting the addiction.
 
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Substance abuse, dependence, addiction
Received: 2021/12/2 | Accepted: 2022/04/16

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